Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Useful / Interesting Tosaben ②

postpositional particle. Used at the end of a sentence as an emphatic, often to remind.
Example: dokoni ikiyuuga? kyo wa kekkonkinenbi chiya (Where do you think you are going? It’s our anniversary today!)
soko ni haittara ikan chiya! (I’m telling you, you’re not supposed to go in there!)
Standard Japanese: -teba
phrase. Your home
Example: omanku wa tooiiki takushi- de iko-ya (Your house is so far so let’s take a taxi.)
Standard Japanese: kimin chi
Used in casual speech. oman means you

phrase. My home
Example: konban issho ni uchinku de nomou ya (Let’s all drink at my place tonight.)
Standard Japanese: watashinchi
Used in casual speech. uchi means me

v. To not care or mind.
Example: Uchinku ni tomatte kaman yo (I don’t mind if you stay over at my place.)
Standard Japanese: kamawanai, yoroshii
When used as a question, kaman? means “Do you mind?” or “You don’t mind?”

nukui (past tense: nukukatta)
adj. ①Warm ②Hot
Example: kochi wa nihon no naka dewa nukui hou ya (Kochi is one of the warmer places in Japan.)
ano heya wa danbou ga kikisugite nukukatta (That room was so hot with the heater blasting.)
Standard Japanese:①atatakai ②atsui

hiyai (past tense: hiyakatta)
adj. Cold
Example: koko wa fuyu ga hiyai ki nukui tokoe ikitakunaru (Winter is cold here so it makes me want to go someplace warm.)
Standard Japanese: tsumetai, samui

no- ga e-
phrase. To feel well. To work well
Example: kono pen wa no- ga e- (This pen works well.)
Standard Japanese: guai ga ii, choushi ga ii

no- ga warui
phrase. To not feel good. To not work well.
Example: T-shatsu wo ushiromae ni kichu ki, no- ga warui (I’m wearing my T-shirt backwards so it doesn’t feel right.)
Standard Japanese: guai ga warui, choushi ga warui
Sometimes this phrase is misunderstood to mean “dumb.”
Taken from vol.35 PDF

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